What is the Difference Between U.S. Permanent Resident Status and U.S. Citizenship?

Difference Between U.S. Permanent Resident Status and U.S. Citizenship

Difference Between U.S. Permanent Resident Status and U.S. CitizenshipMany people use the terms “Permanent Resident” and “Citizen” as if they were synonyms. However, there is a big difference between permanent resident status and US citizenship. If you are seeking what are the differences between these two terms? And is a permanent resident a US citizen? Then read this article so that you will get your answer.

What is a US permanent residence (Green Card)?

A person who has lawful permanent residence status is allowed to live in the United States for a specified period of time. This means that you are not a tourist, but a legal foreigner in the country. Permanent resident status goes one step further by allowing the individual to remain indefinitely within the United States. That is, you can live in the country for as long as you want. Foreign immigrants who obtain legal permanent residence receive a permanent resident card, also known as a green card. So if you think that is a permanent resident a US citizen? Then the answer is no, but a person can become a US citizen.

What rights do permanent residence (Green Card) holders have?

There are different rights associated with permanent residence of USA.

  • Right to live and work anywhere in the United States
  • Full protection by US federal, state, and local laws
  • Access to one of the best higher education systems
  • Access to the best health care
  • Right to travel outside the United States
  • The possibility of obtaining American citizenship

Responsibilities of permanent residents:

After knowing the rights, permanent residents also have many responsibilities. They have to pay the same taxes as US citizens. Therefore, permanent residents must report their income to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. This tax is calculated on his gross international salary; there are many responsibilities related to permanent residence such as

  • Pay federal, state and local taxes
  • Enroll in the Selective Military Service (male residents aged 18-25)
  • Have good morals
  • Meet the conditions of actual presence

What is US citizenship?

A person can become a citizen of the United States by birth or naturalization if a person born anywhere in the United States or its territory will be considered a United States citizen. If you were born abroad, but one of your parents is a legal citizen of the US at the time of your birth then you will be eligible for so-called “derived citizenship”. There is also the concept of citizenship through naturalization. It applies to those people who were born in a foreign country and then emigrated to the USA.  These individuals can apply for US citizenship after acquiring permanent residency status. If the competent authorities approve them, they can become naturalized citizens.

Rights and benefits of US citizens:

Citizenship is the highest status which can be achieved under US immigration law.  If you are a US citizen, then it offers many advantages to a person residing in this country.

There are different benefits associated with permanent residence of the USA such as

  • Voting rights
  • Facility to allow family members to immigrate to the United States
  • Citizenship extended to children of American citizens
  • Permission to travel with a passport issued by the United States
  • More economical access to the American higher education system
  • Access to federal jobs

There is also different responsibility of American citizens which are:

  • Recite the Oath of allegiance
  • Participate in jury trials when necessary
  • Pay all federal, local and state taxes
  • Enroll in selective Military service

Green card vs permanent resident:

While both permanent residents and citizens enjoy great freedom over other immigrants and visa holders, there is a vast difference between a Permanent Resident and a US Citizen

  • US citizens have voting rights, but permanent residents do not have voting privileges.
  • Permanent residents continue with the passport of their country of origin, but citizens of the United States are legitimate holders of the country’s passport.
  • A citizen is not subject to deportation, but permanent residents can be deported to their home country under certain conditions.
  • A United States citizen can run for office in a public election; permanent residents cannot.
  • American citizens can join the US Armed Forces and Defense Services, but permanent residents cannot.
  • Citizens are not required by a visa fee to bring their relatives to the USA, but permanent residents have different restrictions in this situation.

Wrapping Up!

In this article, we discussed this question: is a permanent resident a US citizen? And also elaborate green card vs permanent resident. So if you want to clarify other doubts related to this immigration status and green cards then visit our official website.