What Is A Green Card?

A green card is a permanent residency card that allows a non-U.S. citizen to have permanent residency in the United States of America. Basically, people having a green card are allowed to live and work in the USA lawfully. There are many people everywhere in the world who wish to have green because it will provide them permanent residency in the USA, and they will be eligible to get citizenship after living for 3 or 5 years in this country. 

If you want to move to the USA, then having a green card is a basic requirement. It means that if you want to live in the U.S. for as long as you want, then you need to have a green card. Otherwise, people having a nonimmigrant visa are completely dependent on their job or their purpose of stay in the U.S. Once it is over, they have to leave the USA and return to their own country. Things with a green card are totally different as it gives you a lot of freedom. You can choose the place where you want to live in the U.S. and choose where you want to work in. You are not bound to do anything. 

There are a few things that you must know about the green card:

– The green card is just a nickname; however, its official name is  “Lawful Permanent Resident Card.”

– It has even a more professional name, “Form I-551”.

A person holding a green card is known as a “Permanent Resident.”

– If you want to apply for a green card, then it is important to apply only through the U.S. immigration authorities at the “United States Citizenship and Immigration Services” (USCIS). The green card is a physical card, just like your credit card, in a rectangular shape and is inflexible. If you are a green card holder, you must always carry your green card with you when you go outside for any purpose. Experts say that if you have a green card in your pocket, then you can make many of your dreams come true. 


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History of the Green  Card?

 

The USA is a very popular country all over the world. Many people around the world seek a chance to visit the USA to fulfill their dreams. The country was founded in 1776, and from the very beginning, it has been a favorite spot for immigrants. During the 19th century and early 20th century, there were no specific rules and regulations for immigration to the U.S. for most of its parts. Immigrants from all over the world were allowed to visit the U.S. openly. But things changed after the Civil War when the supreme court of America applied the first immigration restrictions. With the passage of time, different federal agencies were formed to specifically handle the matters of immigration rules and regulations. 

The concept of the green card was introduced during the second world war. It was created due to the strict immigration rules and regulations. In 1940, the congress approved the Alien Registration Act. This was the law that laid the foundations of first immigration law requirements, and according to this law, they used to determine if a person immigrating to the U.S. would be allowed to reside in the U.S. or not. At that time, all immigrants were checked on entering the U.S. and were issued an identification card. 

At that time, the name of the identification card wasn’t “Permanent Resident Card.” Rather it was known as “Alien Card.” Alien’s word was used to indicate that the person having this card was a foreigner and an immigrant. The first card issued for this purpose was bright green in color, which is why this card is known as a “Green Card.” 

The federally approved “Alien Registration Act” defined a uniform set of rules under which any legal immigrant in the U.S. was issued an “Alien Registration Receipt Card.” At that time, when this law was introduced, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was responsible for handling all the immigration matters, including the approval and issuing of these cards. Later this department was renamed the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Today, all the green card matters are handled by this department, and they are responsible for issuing a green card to anyone who wants to get permanent residency in the U.S. 

How do I get a Green  Card?

 

Every year, the U.S. state department issues more than a million green cards. The majority of these green cards are given to the family members of U.S. citizens or already green cardholders. They are also given to those who seek employment opportunities in the U.S. Many people have a question in their mind that how they can get a green card. So let’s brief you a little.

Generally, there three ways to obtain a green card:

– Through the workplace. 

– Through Family Sponsorship.

– Through the Green Card Lottery.

There are different requirements for all the categories mentioned above, and it is necessary for a person to meet the requirements of the category in which he is selected for a green card. Getting a green card via employment or family sponsorship is a very lengthy and time taking process, and sometimes it may take years to process. Therefore the easiest and the simplest way of getting a green card is through the green card lottery. All you need here is luck, and if you are a green card lottery winner, your dream of having P.R. in the USA can come true. 

 

 

Understanding The Different Types of Green Card
 
As discussed earlier, the U.S. government issues different types of green cards for different purposes. All green cards have their own categories and sub-categories that further have their own requirements. If you are going to apply for a green card, it is very important for you to understand in which category do you fall. Your green card application can easily be rejected if you apply under the wrong category, so here we provide you details about different kinds of green cards that will help you when you fill your application.
 

If you want to apply for a family-based green card, then you must be a close relative of a U.S. citizen or a green cardholder. The eligible family members who can apply for a green card are children, spouses, parents, and siblings of a U.S. citizen. This category also covers those widows and widowers that were married to a U.S. citizen when the citizen died. It is necessary for widows and widowers to provide that their marriage was authentic, just like the living U.S. citizens and green card holders who apply for a marriage-based green card. Other family members like cousins, aunts, uncles, and grandparents cannot apply for a family-based green card. Suppose they want to apply for a family-based green card. In that case, they must apply on behalf of too close family relatives living in the U.S. Further, if you need any help regarding the family-based green cards or marriage-based green cards, then i-IMMIGRATE can help you to complete your green card application and avoid any problems.

If you want to apply for an employment-based green card, you must be aware that there are further sub-categories of an employment-based green card. In your application, you have to mention that in which category you fall. In some cases, your children and spouses may also qualify for a green card as well. To make you understand, we have prepared a table for you that gives you details about different kinds of employment-based green cards.

 

Category

Types of Jobs Included In Category

Priority workers (EB-1)

  • Jobs in Science, Arts, Education, Business, Athletics that require a person to have extraordinary abilities.
  • Professors and Researchers having extraordinary work.
  • Executives and Managers

Professionals with advanced degrees and exceptional abilities (EB-2)

  • Jobs that require a person to have at least a master’s degree.
  • Jobs that require a person to have at least a bachelor’s degree and at least five years of experience in his relative field.
  • Jobs that require a person to have exceptional abilities in sciences, arts, or business.
  • Jobs of National Interest.

Physicians (EB-2 with a special waiver)

  • Physicians who are willing to work full time in underserved areas for a specific time period and who fulfill other eligibility requirements.

Skilled, unskilled, and professional workers (EB-3)

  • Permanent skilled jobs that require at least two years of experience or training.
  • Permanent Unskilled jobs that require at least two years of experience or training.
  • Permanent jobs require at least a bachelor’s degree from a U.S. university or equivalent qualification from a non-U.S. school. 

Special workers (EB-4)

  • People who are media professionals
  • Ministers and religious workers
  • Nationals of Afghanistan and Iraq who served the U.S. government under certain capacities.
  • Some other employees and their family members

Investors (EB-5)



  • Non-U.S. people who are investing at lear one million USD to start a new business in the U.S. and employ at least ten workers.

The “Green Card Lottery” is officially known as the “Diversity Visa Lottery Program.” In this program, the U.S. government selects almost 50,000 people randomly from six different geographical locations like Africa, Asia, and Oceania, etc. The main aim of this program is to diversify the immigrant population in the United States. This is why they select people mostly from countries with low immigration rates to the United States in the previous five years. It is one of the cheapest and the easiest ways to get a green card, and this is the reason why millions of people from all over the world apply for the diversity visa program, but only a few of them are actually eligible to get one. If you want to check the eligible countries for the green card lottery or know the green card lottery caps allocated to each country, you can visit the official site of the U.S. states department.

Above discussed are the three major categories of the green card, but the U.S. states department issues several other types of green cards, including green cards for “Special immigrant” like media persons, professors, researchers, physicians, and people who served the U.S. government from Iraq and Afghanistan. Other green cards involve Longtime-Resident Green Card, Humanitarian green cards for trafficking, crime, and abuse victims, green cards for refugees, and green cards for Cuban citizens and American Indians born in Canada. You can check the list of these green cards on the U.S. states department’s official website along with their requirements. So, on this page, we have provided you all details about a green card, and we are sure that many of your doubts would be clear by now. If you seek professional advice and help regarding any of the green cards mentioned above, then you can contact us at our website. Our experts will not only help you in filling in your application but will also guide you through all the documentation procedures.